REASON FOR

DEVIDING IRAQ AND ASKING FOR INDEPENDENCE

A reminder:

 

When the UN has lift the sanctions against Iraq and left the Kurd remind in Iraq, as we know it today:

 

a)               Was carved from the Ottoman Empire at the end of the First World War and placed under British protection as a mandated territory;

 

b)              Includes the MOSUL VILAYET, or province, mainly inhabited by Kurds, which itself was almost made a separate mandated territory at the end of the great war;

 

c)               Was allowed by the League of Nations to become an Independent state in 1932 provided strict conditions concerning ethnic and religious minorities within its boundaries were recognised and adhered to; these stipulations were to be observed in perpetuity, and the UN in one of its earliest acts in 1946 acknowledged the validity of the 1932 undertakings.

 

Let’s take a moment to read the declaration of the Iraqi Government, which was the basis for the formation of the Iraqi state (translated from the original French) and is the basis today for the call for Kurdish independence:

 

 

http://pishdare/5.gif

REFORM FOR KURDISTAN

 

Reading and re-reading the 1932 declaration, as one must when considering the plight of the Kurds, several observations can be made.

1-  Britain knew there was oil at Kirkukas early as 1926, and was anxious to have access to this increasingly important resource; it thought this could best be achieved by incorporating the Mosul Vilayet in a larger state centred on Baghdad and ruled by a King which Britain would install.

 

2-  As the mandatory power and sponsor of Iraq, Britain felt guilty at the way the hopes and aspirations of the Kurds were crushed, and the 1932 declaration was written to try to mitigate the wrong that they were committing.

3-  In due course the giant Kirkuk oilfieldwas developed by the Iraq Petroleum Corporation and oil was exported at the rate of up to one million barrels a day.  What a prize this was! But little benefit flowed to the Kurds.  In fact the 1932 Declaration was largely ignored right from the start by the Arab regime in Baghdad headed by King Faisal and backed by Britain.

 

4-  Kurdish frustrations with their situation by the mid 30’s again took the form of guerrilla action, which continued, off and on right up to the time of the Gulf War.

 

5- With the overthrow of the Faisal regime in 1958 there was a revival of hope that the Kurds in Iraq would gain the security and recognition promised in the 1932 declaration.  Unfortunately the new Baathis regime in Baghdad, which included a young Saddam Hussein, proved even harsher in its treatment of the Kurds.  The treatment of the Kurds in the 1970’s and 1980’s under Saddam Hussein’s personal direction became nothing less than an ethnic cleansing operation.

 

6- All the while the Western powers have turned a blind eye to the real plight of the Kurds and their aspirations for freedom.  The creation of the no fly zones after the Gulf War was no doubt a reflection of the guilt felt by Britain, the U.S. and France at the continuing injustice experienced by the Kurds and the other minorities in Iraq.  However, no fly zones and sanctions are no substitute for a policy on human rights.

 

7-  It is interesting indeed that the West has literally gone to war in recent years in Bosnia and Kosovo for instance in the name of human rights, but has steadfastly refused to take concrete steps to ensure the safety of the Kurds.  Unfortunately as so often happens when a political vacuum is prolonged as is the case today in Iraqi Kurdistan, various factions begin to fight each other politically for control of the Iraqi income.  In this case the new Iraqi Government empowers Talabani and Barzani, giving the impression that the Kurds are weak and disorganised.  The U.S and Britain for the past 20 years now have aided and abetted this tragedy by their dithering.  This must stop.

 

    In the meantime the Kurds on the ground in Northern Iraq are at the point of total despair, reflected not least in the massive numbers who are moving westwards in the hope of achieving refugee status in Germany and Britain. Already half a million have reached Europe and thousands more are on their way.  Why is this?  The reason is oil.  The U.S., Britain and France obviously think that the best way to preserve access to the oilat Kirkukis through a regime in Iraq centred on Baghdad.  This idea must not be allowed to grow as a de facto policy.  The continued theft of Kirkuk’s oil, the money from which lines the pockets of the Iraqi Oil Smuggler and his entourage and otherwise is wasted on military preparations, is an affront to all right thinking people and must be stopped.  It is time the Kurds of Iraq took control of their rightful heritage.

 

8-  Because the Western powers clearly have never had any real interest in the long term welfare of the Kurdish peoples, the Kurds of Iraq at least now wish to announce that the time has come to move beyond the 1932 Declaration and to broadcast to the world their own Declaration of Independence to take effect from today.

 

9-  An independent Kurdistanwould of course include the original province of Mosul extending south almost to Baghdad, and including http://www.pishdare/20.gifKirkukhttp://www.pishdare/20.gif. Because Saddam Hussein forcibly resettled over two million Kurds in Baghdad and to the south in his programme of ethnic cleansing, we would want to extend the boundaries of our new Kurdistan to bring in those so displaced as well.

 

10- Be reminded then that the Kurds in Iraq have grievances and a claim to freedom, which is historically valid, and certainly no less valid than their brothers in Palestine.  We appeal to all right thinking people in the world to join us in saying ‘The time has come!’

 

An Independent Kurdistanwill welcome the involvement and investment of banks, companies, and legitimate business interests generally to build up our resources and facilities. Talk to us now!

 

 

 

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CSP - Events Monday 27 October 2003

Mr. Sardar PISHDARE Founder of the Kurdistan Homeland Movement party, based in London (GB). Monday 27 October 2003 at 11h.30 am ...
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CSP - Archives des manifestations 2003

... 2003 at 11h.30 a.m.: "The Kurdish question before and after the recent war against Iraq " with Mr. Sardar PISHDARE, Founder of the Kurdistan Homeland ...
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Invitation à la presse et à tous les membres et partenaires du Club

The Geneva Press Club - Club suisse de la Presse, has the pleasure to invite the international and the Swiss press to a press conference on the topic:

"The Kurdish question before and after the recent war against Iraq "

Mr. Sardar PISHDARE
Founder of the Kurdistan Homeland Movement party,
based in London (GB)

Monday 27 October 2003 at 11h.30 am

at " la Pastorale ", Route de Ferney 106

The Kurds have presented a political problem in Turkey, Syria, Iran and Iraq. Their history has been one of warfare and revolt including rebellions against the Turks in 1832-47 and in 1925.

After the World War I the
Treaty of Sévres (1920) provided for the autonomous Kurdistan, but the Treaty was never ratified.

The
Treaty of Lausanne (1923) which replaced the Treaty of Sévres, made no mention of the Kurds. The Kurdish nation after the war was more fragmented than before. Short-lived armed risings occurred since that time in countries they settled in, such as Turkey, Iran and Iraq.

The Kurdish population provided substation support for the
"Coalition of the Willing" in their effort to destroy Suddam Hussein's regime. What will they receive in return remains to be seen.

This event will be presented by Sasha DARIAN and followed by a reception.

I look forward to seeing you at this press meeting.

 

Guy Mettan, Directeur exécutif

 

The Kurdish question before and after the recent war against Iraq

Mr SARDAR PISHDARE

Founder of the Kurdistan Homeland Movement party,

based in London (GB)

 

Monday October 27, 2003

11h.30 a.m.

at « La Pastorale », Route de Ferney 106, Genevasamann_18@hotmail.com

Past, Present and Future of Kurdistan

Firstly, thank you for your attendance for this conference, and hope that your presence will bring to the attention to the UN the Kurdish question.

As the religion of Islam spread throughout Middle East, the rulers leading the cause applied aggression to increase their sphere of influence and dominance.  Among those, the Arabs were the worse perpetrators of this crime, and they continued into modern era.

The defeat of the Ottoman Empire in 1918 raised many questions over the future of the Middle East and set-forth a new struggle amongst the British, French and Russians for their interests in the region.

To challenge the difficulties facing the Middle-East, President Woodrow Wilson set out his principles for the region in his fourteen point plan programmed for World peace, of which point 12 states non-Turkish minorities of the Ottoman Empire should be assured of an absolute unmolested opportunity of autonomous development.

Kurdistan as a whole welcomed this development, and has since waited in expectation for the US to act upon it.

The presence of the US in Iraqi Kurdistan has been warmly welcomed and  It should be no surprise that it is for this reason the Kurdish people have warmly greeted the US in Iraq, as they have expectation they will set forth the process of independence.

Sadly, the League of Nations attempt to resolve the issue of Kurds and the break-up of the Ottoman Empire in the Treaty of Sevres, signed on 20th August 1920, failed to deliver its pledge for an independent Kurdistan.

“ If within 1 year from the coming into force of the present Treaty the Kurdish people within the areas defined in Article 62 shall address themselves to the Council of the League of Nations in such a manner as to show that a majority of the population in these areas desires independence from Turkey, and if the Council then considers that these peoples are capable of such independence and recommends that it be granted to them, Turkey hereby agrees to execute such recommendations, and to renounce all rights and titles over these areas... If and when such renunciation takes place, no objection will be raised by the Principal Allied Powers to the voluntary adhesion to such an independent Kurdish State of the Kurds inhabiting the part of Kurdistan which has hitherto been included in the Mosul Vilayet

A committee was established under this treaty to explore whether a referendum was a demand or not.  However, Britain and France ignored the consensus which favored a referendum and decided to combine the three disparate provinces of Mosul which had a Kurdish majority, of Baghdad which held a mainly Sunni Arab population, and Basra had a Shi‘ite Arab majority.

 

Therefore, a new peace conference at Lausanne, in July 1923, took place whereby Turkey, managed to impose terms and the disputed Mosul province was left unsettled.

The huge oil potential that the Kirkuk oilfields held (which belongs to the Kurds) was the key factor for the creation of an Iraqi state, thus partitioning the whole Kurdistan and bypassing the political and economic issues concerning the Kurds.

Since the creation of the Iraqi state, the Arabs of Iraq have dominated and abused the power of the state and in that process plundered the Kurdish Northern region of its historical cultural identity and economic resources for the benefit of the Arabs. 

Iraq as a state has failed its people in its attempt to unite their aspirations into a common political and economic success its founders dreamed.  Through the decades of Arab rule, the country has seen the expectation of prosperity reduced to a country that has become a third world poverty trap, leading to the following:

1.     Iraq was first country to have discovered and developed oil in the world and is now today almost 400 billion in Debt.

2.     Iraq had one of the first major army in the Arab World, but was used to oppress its people, and has since evaporated after the US led war on Saddam regime.

3.     The Iraqi population has no united identity as civil war, ethnic-cleansing, intolerance amongst the different ethnic and religious group which make up the population of Iraq, has led to the death of up to 5 million Iraqi’s. 

The history of Iraq and its rulers has been cruel, in particular the Baathists who seized and maintained power through acts of violence.

The party consisted of criminals, of which included Saddam Hussein, who had a criminal past prior to his entry into the Baath party.  He was idolized by other criminals, and encircled himself with likeminded individuals.

Saddam dominated the party’s leader, intellectual and spiritual core.

As Saddam seized power he strengthened himself by introducing more criminals from the Arab world, from which he created a militia, known as the ‘Fadayan’.

 

The removal of Saddam prevented his regime from possessing long-range missiles in the years to come, thus an even deadly conflict.

The past 13 years, the US and UK have enjoyed widespread support amongst Kurds for their policies in Iraq.  This has included logistical, intelligence and military support.

The Kurds expected the Mosul Vilayet to return to Kurdish control after the collapse of Saddam, however hopes are fading.

Today’s Iraq is still a reflection of Saddam rule as half of the Kurdish land confiscated still remains in Arab ownership.  The policy of resisting demands for the return of Kurdish land has worried many Kurds as to the future viability of a unified Iraq.

The KDP’s and PUK’s ambition for a Federal Iraq and the integration of Kurds and Arabs is unacceptable as the future of the Kurds is an issue, which should be decided upon by the people via a referendum.   It is the only peaceful and positive step that can resolve the issue of Iraqi Kurdistan.  They have a taken a decision against the majority for a Referendum.

Hence, Iraq as a sovereign state is a miserable and tragic failure.  History has proven that a state of Iraq geography and demography would be unmanageable.  To avoid a repeat of the past tragedies, I propose that Iraq be split into three separate states, based upon the three vilayets, which were merged (Mosul, Baghdad and Basra) in the form of a Kurdish north, an Arab Sunni in the centre and Shi’ite South.

All three groups are entitled their independence, as Iraq as state was an economic motivated creation.  The world will witness a Balkan like eruption of ethnic and religious violence if this proposal is ignored.

Before the arrival of Islam, the border of the Syrian Arabs was along the Euphrates, and has since been seizing Kurdish land.

After the 1st World War the Syrians began a harsh period of persecution against the Kurds, and have to this today prohibited Kurds from obtaining citizenship and rights. 

They have demolished a vast amount of villages and renamed them the ‘Arab Belt’.  Your presence here is a reminder to Syria that their actions are not going untold and will not be tolerated. 

 

As you all are aware the Turks have taken a nationalist extremist stance by deny the existence of the Kurds, and their policy of years of ethnic cleansing is slow but painful revelation.

They now have an agreement with Iran and Syria to capture and all Kurdish refugees fleeing from border to the other and return to their original country.

For decades Kurdistan has suffered economically as it has been neglected whilst its resources are enriching the Ankara, Baghdad, Damascus and Tehran

Since the establishment of an Iranian state, they to have ethnical cleansed Kurds from parts of Kurdistan.

It was only in the past week that Iranian regime murdered 7 of my relatives in Sardasht after a wedding party; beside this thousands of other Kurds are awaiting execution in Iranian prisons on the grounds of their political beliefs.

Following this I feel obligated to express the aims of the Kurds, they are:

1. The UN should take measures to detach the economies of each of Iraq, Iran, Turkey and Syria.  There has been unbalanced spending and investment within the Kurdish regions.  Also, Kurds are not in the position to question their government on economic matters.

2. The UN is to review the Kurdish issue and take steps to undo there past mistakes in dividing Kurdistan.

3. To provide a representative for the Kurds in the UN

4. The UN should establish a committee to investigate the issue of a referendum amongst the people of Kurdistan.

5. This committee should also seek to resolve the land disputes in Iraqi Kurdistan.

6. The Un should establish a war crimes tribunal to determine those guilty of crimes against humanity, and of war crimes, and to ensure that these are tried.

The Kurdish Homeland Movement supports the present policies of the US and UK for modernisation and fundamentally

Democracy.

 

Although, there are aspects, which have been overlooked and require change such us the involvement of the Interim Iraqi Council.  It is questionable the benefits such a council has provided to the State.

We also doubt the role of the Iraqi interim council, as there demand for federalism is momentary acceptance by the Arabs whilst the state is insecure and the US and UK presence is visible.

We demand that USA and UK and Naeto maintain large presence for the next 100 years in the Kurd Land,.

 Sardar Pishdare

 27 – 10 – 2003

  Geneva

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Posted at August 4, 2006 03:07 PM

» By: Sardar Pishdare | Permalink

Independent Kurdistan Will Benefit Everyone

For over a thousand years, we, the Kurds have been ruled, and mostly oppressed by Arabs, Persians and Turks, in particular where the Islamic faith is used as an ideological tool.

The end of the First World War and collapse of the Ottoman Empire brought hope and many expectations to the Kurds. We sought the dawn of a new era, bringing modernization and independence to us and our neighboring peoples. It however only resulted in the Great Powers of the day partitioning Kurdistan.

These powers then began to negotiate and purchase Kurdish oil from the new Arab, Turkish and Persian states which they had created, almost from nothing, causing huge injustice to the Kurds and culminating in the instability and conflicts of today.

The revenues from this oil were later used by the artificial new states to remove the West from the Middle East, and to fuel further conflicts.

For over 80 years we the Kurds have protested to major powers that most of these regimes are terror states, which deny democracy to their people, use religion as a tool, plunder everything in their path and willfully kill any persons who thwart their objective.

Our Kurdish culture and roots are close to Europe. History proves that we, like the Greeks, Phoenicians, Romans, Franks, Saxons and Britons are of Indo-European source.

I can truthfully state that we Kurds prefer economic cooperation with modern Europe, to fuse our resources, manpower, intelligence and wealth, so creating a stronger role for Europe in the Middle East. Kurdistan’s geologically proven wealth not only features oil and gas, but many other minerals and water resources.

Kurdistan’s large and varied population has long traditions of technical, intellectual and artistic skill.

The political geography of the Middle East today is unstable. It requires urgent changes, including a Road Map for a new and stable, prosperous and progressive Middle East. Greater Kurdistan must exist, or there will never be stability.

These changes must enable the Greater Kurdistan to exist, with the creation from Syria of a 400-kms Free Zone stretching from the Mediterranean Sea to the borders of current Iraq. The New Iraq must be divided from the intersection of the Euphrates River at Baghdad; Iran must give up Kurdish territory from the Straits of Hurmmus to the Caspian Sea.

 

Oil geologists know the extent of oil reserves in this region, and their potential to solve the increasingly short supply of oil in the world. Kurdish Oil and Western partnership will provide that supply security, within secure, just and stable frontiers.

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Independent Kurdistan will benefit everyone

 

 

 

February 22, 2005

SARDAR PISHDARE

For over a thousand years, we, the Kurds have been ruled, and mostly oppressed by Arabs, Persians and Turks, in particular where the Islamic faith is used as an ideological tool.

The end of the First World War and collapse of the Ottoman Empire brought hope and many expectations to the Kurds. We sought the dawn of a new era, bringing modernisation and independence to us and our neighboring peoples. It however only resulted in the Great Powers of the day partitioning Kurdistan.

These powers then began to negotiate and purchase Kurdish oil from the new Arab, Turkish and Persian states which they had created, almost from nothing, causing huge injustice to the Kurds and culminating in the instability and conflicts of today.

The revenues from this oil were later used by the artificial new states to remove the West from the Middle East, and to fuel further conflicts.

For over 80 years we the Kurds have protested to major powers that most of these regimes are terror states, which deny democracy to their people, use religion as a tool, plunder everything in their path and willfully kill any persons who thwart their objective.

Our Kurdish culture and roots are close to Europe. History proves that we, like the Greeks, Phoenicians, Romans, Franks, Saxons and Britons are of Indo-European source.

I can truthfully state that we Kurds prefer economic cooperation with modern Europe, to fuse our resources, manpower, intelligence and wealth, so creating a stronger role for Europe in the Middle East. Kurdistan’s geologically proven wealth not only features oil and gas, but many other minerals and water resources.

Kurdistan’s large and varied population has long traditions of technical, intellectual and artistic skill.

The political geography of the Middle East today is unstable. It requires urgent changes, including a Road Map for a new and stable, prosperous and progressive Middle East. Greater Kurdistan must exist, or there will never be stability.

These changes must enable the Greater Kurdistan to exist, with the creation from Syria of a 400-kms Free Zone stretching from the Mediterranean Sea to the borders of current Iraq. The New Iraq must be divided from the intersection of the Euphrates River at Baghdad; Iran must give up Kurdish territory from the Straits of Hormuz to the Caspian Sea.

Oil geologists know the extent of oil reserves in this region, and their potential to solve the increasingly short supply of oil in the world. Kurdish Oil and Western partnership will provide that supply security, within secure, just and stable frontiers.

It is now, more than ever, the time for US, British and world opinion to pay serious attention to the Kurdish people. The current situation is not tenable. An independent Kurdistan homeland must be established without delay. This is the essential cause of all action by myself, Sardar Pishdare, for the past 15 years and it will continue until our goal is achieved.

© Copyright Sardar Pishdare 2005

 


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